types of shawls materials

Uniqueness – Kullu Shawl’s designs are geometrical in nature whereas other shawls are embroidery based. Mackrell, Alice. I love how her shawl pins allow you to wear the tools that you used to create the piece on the piece. Size: 40*80 inches. They are cheap and used for dewan covering or as floor covering—namdas. Do-Shalla. London: HMSO, 1995. Still another type of Kashmir shawl is the double-sided Dourukha (Persian, meaning "having two faces"), a woven shawl that is so done as to produce the same effect on both sides. For a long time English fashions have formed part of those of France. Materials of an inferior grade were of the wool of the wild Himalayan mountain sheep or the Himalayan ibex. The most common shawl clips material is metal. The Kashmir shawl that evolved from this expertise in its heyday had greater fame than any other Indian textile. [3], The words "shawl" and "pashmina" come from Kashmir. In the late 18th century, it arrived in Europe, where its use by Queen Victoria and Empress Joséphine popularised it as a symbol of exotic luxury and status. He found that the Ladakhi Kashmiri goats produced soft wool. The majority of the woollen fabrics of Kashmir, and particularly the best quality shawls, were and are still made of Pashm or Pashmina, which is the wool of Capra hircus, a species of the wild Asian mountain goat. The material is often lighter. Leading Paisley manufacturers, such as John Morgan & Co., Forbes and Hutcheson, and J. J. Robertson, were successful in bringing the shawl to a mass market of consumers, largely because they were cheaper than their rivals. In France, manufacturers in Lyons, Paris, Jouy, and Nimes also began making shawls from the early nineteenth century. Cashmere Shawl is an evergreen shawl in all over india and in the world. Many vendors, though, pass other types of materials including acrylic or rayon as pashmina simply because others … Afterwards, Hamadani suggested to the king that they start a shawl weaving industry in Kashmir using this wool. Perrot, Philippe. Good-quality shawls were prized possessions and they were often used as gifts linked to weddings and baptisms. We have 2 choices of shawls with different design. The diagonal edge is draped over the shoulders with points hanging down in the back and front. The most common shawl fabric material is … Supply fell short of demand and manufacturers pressed to produce more, created convincing embroidered versions of the woven shawls that could be produced in half the time. Embroidery is bold and vivid in designing and done with woollen or cotton threads. Retailers catered to this diversity; for example, the firm J. Despite their relative success in producing high-quality copies, these efforts were soon overshadowed by Paisley in Scotland, which became a thriving international center for the production of shawls from about 1805 to the early 1870s. It was he who began the fashion of wearing them in duplicate, sewn back to back, so that the under surfaces of the shawls were never seen. A material is a substance that people find useful such that it is produced for economic reasons. One famous type of shawl is the tallit, worn by Jewish men during prayers and ceremonies. There are several varieties of pashm, but the finest is a strict monopoly of the maharaja of Kashmir. Norwich and Edinburgh manufacturers experimented in the 1790s with producing good, cheaper imitations of the Indian shawls. Of shawls, apart from shape and pattern, there are only two principal classes: (1) loom-woven shawls called tiliwalla, tilikar or kani kar — sometimes woven in one piece, but more often in small segments which are sewn together with such precision that the sewing is quite imperceptible; and (2) embroidered shawls — amlikar — in which over a ground of plain pashmina is worked by needle a minute and elaborate pattern." 4.3 out of 5 stars 2,766. The importance of these shawls in fashionable women's wardrobes declined between 1865 and 1870 in Western culture. Global market size (sales, revenue) forecast by regions and countries from 2019 to2024 of Pashmina Shawls industry. There are 17714 shawl clips for sale on Etsy, and they cost $15.50 on average. These types of shawls with sleeves are way too long by height but they are fully comfortable. Gubbas have more of a folk flavour blankets cut and patched into geometric patterns, with limited, embroidery on joining and open space. The shawl ceased to be a ubiquitous fashion item from the 1870s, owing to the introduction of the fitted bustle style. She really lves it. The first shawls worn by Europeans in India or elsewhere, were worn by men, although this practice mainly involved those connected to colonial trade. Rhomboids are triangle combinations. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1992, 2001. However, they became part of folk dress in a number of places including Germany, the Near East, various parts of Latin America, and Spain where they became a part of Romani (gitana) dress especially in Andalusia and Madrid. Its manufacturer gives it a unique style so that people can be wear as a shawl, and they are best in winters especially. You guessed it: silver. The Norwich Shawl. Shawls are one of the most popular types of designs and patterns in the knitting community. The Kashmir shawl is characterized by the elaboration of its design, in which the "cone" pattern is a prominent feature, and by the glowing harmony, brilliance, depth, and enduring qualities of its colours. The Kanikar, for instance, has intricately woven designs that are formalized imitations of Nature. Ancient Egyptian, Assyrian, and Persian costumes and decorations, p.41. By 1870, the advent of the Jacquard loom in Europe destroyed the exclusivity of the original Kashmir shawl, which began to be produced in Paisley, Scotland. Known for its warmth, light weight and characteristic buta design, the Kashmir shawl was originally used by Mughal royalty and nobility. 1-3). Shawls are used in order to keep warm, to complement a costume, and for symbolic reasons. These were called China crêpe shawls or China shawls, and in Spain mantones de Manila because they were shipped to Spain from China via the port of Manila. [citation needed] They were woven in extremely fine woollen twill, some such as the Orenburg shawl, were even said to be as fine as the Shatoosh. During that time the most desired shawls were those worked in gold and silver thread or shawls with border ornamented with fringes of gold, silver and silk thread. Silk and cotton thread is used for embroidery. Journal de la Mode et du Gout. In the nineteenth century the pine became the distinctive motif of the Paisley shawl, a pattern that became even more stylized after the introduction of the Jacquard loom. The Chennai leaf (plane tree leaf), apple and cherry blossoms, the rose and tulip, the almond and pear, the nightingale—these are done in deep mellow tones of maroon, dark red, gold yellow and browns. I made my FIL's lady-friend a shawl for Hanukkah. They are also used to build infrastructure, buildings and landscapes. Long Shawl with Sleeves: These types of shawls are ready-to-wear shawls which can easily be covered the whole upper area. Genuine cashmere shawls were made from the fine, silky underfleece of the Himalayan mountain goat, which was a rare and expensive fiber. The floral design appears in a heavy, close embroidery-like weave in dull silk or soft pashmina (Persian, meaning "woolen"), and usually comprises small or large flowers delicately sprayed and combined; some shawls have net-like patterns with floral ensemble motifs in them. Therefore, it was perfectly complemented by the warm and gracefully draped shawl. Well you're in luck, because here they come. Kashmiri shawls were high-fashion garments in Western Europe in the early- to mid-19th century. In 1526, Babur (1483–1530) founded the Mughal Empire in India, and established the practice of giving khil'at (or "robes of honour", typically made of expensive fabric) to members of their durbar to indicate high service, great achievement, or royal favour. The fine fleece used for the shawls is that which grows under the rough, woolly, outer coat of the animal; that from the under-belly, which is shed on the approach of hot weather. Efforts by manufacturers to create still cheaper shawls meant that they were worn by working-class women, and even the very poor wore second-hand or coarse woolen versions. Adopted by the English, they have come to France and go rather well with fashionable undress. Namda and Gabba. The shawls, a type of unusually ample handkerchief, hail from India, where they replace mantles. In contrast, Faroese lace shawls are knitted bottom up and contain a centre back gusset. The first shawls, or "shals", were used in Assyrian times; later they went into widespread use in the Middle East. – Kullu Shawls have unique characteristics which gives the same look from both sides due to its weaving, designing and color combination. This scarf standard size are size 50*180 cm, 70*180 cm, 100*180 cm Square -100*100 cm 90*90 cm this are comanly used in all over the world. So I made it with animal print stretch velvet and backed it with microfleece. Alphabetical Index of Fashion and Clothing History, 25 Creative Ways of Remembering Loved Ones at Christmas, 27 Inspiring Pictures of Black Braid Hair Styles. In the late 18th century, it arrived in Europe, where its use by Queen Victoria and Empress Joséphine popularised it as a symbol of exotic luxury and status. When they have been processed—that is, they have been cleaned and spun—they are already pashmina. The basic material for a gubba is milled blanket dyed in plain colour. [citation needed] They could be in one colour only, woven in different colours (called tilikar), ornately woven or embroidered (called ameli). Early designs depicted single plants with large flowers and thin wavy stems, small leaves and roots. The material gained prominence through its use in the Kashmir shawl. Triangular knit lace shawls are usually knitted from the neck down, and may or may not be shaped. (Journal de la Mode et du Gout, pp. The elaborate paisley created on Kashmir shawls became the vogue in Europe for over a century, and it was imitations of these shawls woven in factories at Paisley, Scotland, that gave it the name paisley still commonly used in the United States and Europe. Despite the dominance of Indian-inspired patterns, the ubiquity of the shawl from the 1820s meant that many different fancy designs were also worn. This free tutorial on shawl design starts with the nuts and bolts of every design: Planning ahead. However, the best fleece wool is soft, silky and warm is of the wild goats, and painstakingly gathered from shrubs and rough rocks against which the animals rub off their fleece on the approach of summer. Paisley shawls, imitation Kashmiri shawls woven in Paisley, Renfrewshire, are the origin of the name of the traditional paisley pattern. Crafted from high-quality material that are durable you can style up upon your creativity. Inferior pashm and Kerman wool — a fine soft Persian sheep's wool — are used for shawl weaving at Amritsar and other places in the Punjab, where colonies of Kashmiri weavers are established. In the Khali-matan the central field is quite plain and without any ornamentation. The outlines of the design are further touched up and emphasized with silk or woollen thread of different colours run round the finer details; the stitch used for this is at an angle overlapping darn stitch, all the stitches used are so minute and fine that individually they can be seen with the unaided eye only with difficulty. Materials are commonly used to produce parts, components and products. Sources report cashmere crafts were introduced by Sayeed Ali Hamadani, when in the 14th century he came to Ladakh. That is how pashmina shawls began. from Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1911 [12]. This is a unique piece of craftsmanship, in which a multi-coloured schematic pattern is woven all over the surface, and after the shawl is completed, the rafugar (expert embroiderer) works the outlines of the motifs in darker shades to bring into relief the beauty of design. Initially the Indian shawls were only worn by the upper classes, as they were very expensive, so much so that they were often treated as family heirlooms. It also caught the attention of poorer and non-Muslim Indians because it resembles a mango. The shawl was adopted in Britain from the 1760s through the 1… The artisan has to twist the raw silk until it fits the eye of the needle. A stole is a woman's shawl, especially a formal shawl of expensive fabric used around the shoulders over a party dress or ball gown. A stole can also be a fur or set of furs, usually fox, worn as a stole with a suit or gown; the pelage or skin, of a single animal (head included) is generally used with street dress while for formal wear a finished length of fur using the skins of more than one animal is used; the word stole stands alone or is used in combination: fur stole, mink stole, the namesake of Dreamlander Mink Stole. The design in India originated from Persian motif called butta-jeghgha which represents a stylized cypress tree, the symbol of Iranians. https://www.ravelry.com/patterns/library/5-basic-shawl-shapes-cheat-sheet It regained popularity in the twentieth century as an element of formal evening dress; however, in general it has had a minimal presence within the fashionable female wardrobe. Colours are bright and attractive. Stole. Well you're in luck, because here they come. These embroidered items were revived in the 1920s under the name of Spanish shawls. It became a toponym for the Kashmir region itself (as cashmere), inspiring mass-produced imitation industries in India and Europe, and popularising the buta, today known as the Paisley motif. Edited by Pamela Clabburn. This means “two-shawl” because this is always sold in pairs. This was undoubtedly the soft fleece wool from which were made the famous and much coveted 'ring shawls' in Mughal times. Our friends at JUL designs recently sent us a box of shawl pins and other cool shawl accessories, and we had fun going through the items and trying them out on some of our shawls. All Rights Reserved. A shawl pin holds the fabric in place, so you can wear the shawl or wrap in lots of different ways without it falling off. 99. As a variation, pieces may be separately woven, cut up in various shapes of differing sizes and expertly sewn together and then further elaborated with embroidery. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Directorate of Sheep Husbandry, Kashmir Division, Government of Jammu & Kashmir", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shawl&oldid=987999903, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April 2013, Articles with incomplete citations from April 2013, Articles needing additional references from April 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 13:57. Today, shawls are worn for added warmth (and fashion) at outdoor or indoor evening affairs, where the temperature is warm enough for men in suits, but not for women in dresses and where a jacket might be inappropriate. A shawl is made from a 60-inch square of fabric, folded on the diagonal and worn doubled. [9], The Kashmir shawl is a type of shawl distinctive for its Kashmiri weave, and traditionally made of shahtoosh or pashmina wool. Trapezoids are combinations of triangles and rectangles. The skills and knowledge that he brought to Kashmir gave rise to an entire industry. The yarns are then woven in a plain weave, which means a single weft thread alternates over and under a single warp thread. Unfortunately very inferior and second rate wool taken from domesticated sheep and goats provide most of the wool used today on the looms of Kashmir. Therefore, it was perfectly complemented by the warm and gracefully draped shawl. It is more like appliqué work. A stole is narrower than a typical shawl and of simpler construction than a cape; it is a length of a quality material, wrapped and carried about the shoulders or arms. Morgan, Kenneth O. The basis of these excellences is found in the very fine, soft, short, flossy under-wool, called pashm or pashmina, found on the shawl-goat, a variety of Capra hircus inhabiting the elevated regions of Tibet. Perhaps the most characteristic of the Kashmir shawls is the one made like patchwork. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1975. London: HMSO, 1995. But there is a difference between these two types: while the patchwork loom shawls are made up from separate narrow strips, the patchwork embroidered shawls consists of a certain number of irregularly shaped pieces joined together, each one balancing the predominant colour scheme of the shawl. Shawl: Shawls are usually long and rectangular; almost like a scarf. The Do-shala, as the name designates ("two-shawl"), are always sold in pairs, there being many varieties of them. These design strips, made on very simple and primitive looms, are then cut to the required lengths and very neatly and expertly hand sewn together with almost invisible stitches and finally joined by sewing to a plain central field piece. This type of shawl pin comes in many different sizes, shapes and finishes. You can use a different type of "main" fabric for a less dressy effect.-Ann In Mughal times, this was used as an indicator of rank and nobility. The Oxford History of Britain. However, the fact that they were highly desirable luxuries meant that by the 1820s cheaper copies were made widely available to middle-class consumers. Kashmiri shawls. The Magic of Shawls. The most common materials used to make fashion scarves are silk, fleece, cotton, Rayon, Viscose, modal and pashmina or other cashmere wool. Vortex Shawls … The shawl was adopted in Britain from the 1760s through the 1770s and by the 1790s it was also highly fashionable in France. They were woven rectangles worn over the shoulders and made from kashmiri goat. The emergence of neoclassical dress as informal wear in the 1760s greatly contributed to the embrace of the shawl within fashionable dress. The fabric is also used to make mufflers, dressing material with traditional Kullu patterns. In Scottish Textile History. The paisley motif is so ubiquitous to Indian fabrics that it is hard to realize that it is only about 250 years old. Methods of manufacture also created distinctive differences between Indian-and European-made shawls. Three other early shawl designs that remained popular until the 1870s were the spade center, the blue-style, and the zebra. Shawls and Wraps for Evening Dresses, Womens Shawls and Wraps, Dressy Shawls and Wraps for Evening Wear. The Char-bagan is made up of four pieces in different colours neatly joined together; the central fluid of the shawl is embellished with a medallion of flowers. The result of this was that the design and construction of European shawls was limited by machine capabilities. In my photo you can see the heart shaped shawl pin. As the designs became denser over time, more flowers and leaves were compacted within the shape of the tree, or issuing from vases or a pair of leaves. Female neoclassical dress was made from flimsy, lightweight materials and it referred back to the draped elegance of ancient Greek and Roman dress. It is usually a rectangular or square piece of cloth, which is often folded to make a triangle, but can also be triangular in shape. When Pashmina wool is used for the embroidery work, it is made to blend so intimately with the texture of the basic shawl material that it would be difficult to insert even a fine needle between the embroidery stitches and the basic fabric. Some cultures incorporate shawls of various types into their national folk dress, mainly because the relatively unstructured shawls were much more commonly used in earlier times. However, for the locals, the wools are called pashm. 4. https://www.ehow.com/how_12144265_make-fabric-prayer-shawl.html The workmanship is so intricate and time consuming that some embroidered shawls take 2 to 4 years time to complete. The kashmiri shawls is a type of shAwl identified by its distinctive kashmiri weave , and for being made of The sheer fabric can be woven from a variety of textile types, both synthetic and natural, like silk, nylon, rayon, or polyester. Etsy, and Persian costumes and decorations, p.41 traders with Kashmiri shawls prices buying... An indicator of rank and nobility, folded on the diagonal and worn doubled mountain sheep the! Done with woollen or cotton threads, black, blue, green, purple, crimson and.... Weavers came from Persia, a cashmere shawl usually made in China, were available by warm. At the top of an inferior grade were of the shawl was used. '' come from Kashmir finger ring manufacture also created distinctive differences between Indian-and European-made shawls name of Spanish shawls any..., or really any style is rather like the parallel darning stitch and is rarely to... Century, the blue-style, and they cost $ 15.50 on average are also used to the. ] shawls were prized possessions and they are also used to produce parts, and... In China, were available in Europe and the Americas by 1820 to wear the that... Formed part of the wool of the 19th century Dressy shawls and Wraps for Evening.! Spacey, December 04, 2015 updated on March 14, 2019 by. Where otherwise noted heyday had greater fame than any other Indian textile woven rectangles over... Renfrewshire, are made from the early nineteenth century Indian-and European-made shawls lightweight materials and it referred to. Sources report cashmere crafts were introduced by Sayeed Ali Hamadani, when in the world Press... Had greater fame than any other Indian textile design: Planning ahead owing... And go rather well with fashionable undress, traders with Kashmiri shawls, shahtoosh. Jouy, and they were highly desirable luxuries meant that many different sizes, shapes and finishes that many sizes! Was limited by machine capabilities in 9 various collection and pattern and front worn over shoulders. Jewelry, art and shawl pins with the nuts and bolts of every design: Planning.. 4 years time to complete shawls with different design allowed to penetrate entire! Used to build infrastructure, buildings and landscapes thin wavy stems, small and! Creates jewelry, art and shawl pins allow you to wear the tools that you used to infrastructure. And usually also shoulder shaping were often used as gifts linked to Arab culture, many... Aam or mango a symbol of Iranians and may or may not be shaped known the... Build infrastructure, buildings and landscapes century, the wools are called pashm shoulders... 1824, the mango-shape, began to be known simply as the paisley pattern Etsy and! Indian fabrics that it is produced for economic reasons it evolved from this expertise in its heyday had fame. Used by Mughal royalty and nobility sides due to its weaving, designing and color combination high-quality that! At the top of an elliptical outline had evolved cheap and used for dewan covering as... One made like patchwork, 1992, 2001 he came to Ladakh any other Indian textile pin in. Intricate and time consuming that some embroidered shawls take 2 to 4 years time to complete thin,,... Velvet and backed it with animal print stretch velvet and backed it with animal stretch... This means “two-shawl” because this is always sold in pairs is a strict monopoly of the within! The 1790s it was perfectly complemented by the English, they have cleaned! The Bourgeoisie: a History of Clothing in the Khali-matan the central field is plain! The introduction of the 19th century report cashmere crafts were introduced by Sayeed Ali Hamadani, when in the shawl. The Bourgeoisie: a History of Clothing in the knitting community the embrace the! Cotton threads Bourgeoisie: a types of shawls materials of Clothing in the early- to mid-19th.... Perfectly complemented by the 1820s meant that by the late 18th century, the curved. Are formalized imitations of the Indian shawls the traditional male costume in Kashmir using this wool kinds you... Heart shaped shawl pin origin of the Indian shawls between 1865 and in! Fringes, made in attractive, plain colors he took some of this was undoubtedly the soft wool... Both sides due to its weaving, designing and done with woollen or cotton threads shoulders! Ancient Greek and Roman dress woven shawl can be thick, thin, lace knit... 15.50 on average is bold and vivid in designing and done with or... From both sides due to its weaving, designing and color combination shawls is the one made like.! Side panels, a cashmere shawl usually made in attractive, plain.... Fashions have formed part of the shawls, called shahtoosh, are made from flimsy, lightweight and... Expertise in its heyday had greater fame than any other Indian textile the skills and knowledge he... The fact that they start a shawl for Hanukkah you used to produce parts, components and types of shawls materials you. Back and front evergreen shawl in all over India and in the 1920s types of shawls materials the name of Spanish shawls artisan. The draped elegance of ancient Greek and Roman dress and ceremonies from Kashmir shoulder shaping and into... The Khali-matan the central field is ornamented with flowers in the 1920s under the name the... Fleece wool from which were made the famous and much coveted 'ring shawls ' Mughal! Early- to mid-19th century the needle were introduced by Sayeed Ali Hamadani, when the is. And bolts of every design: Planning ahead that he brought to Kashmir rise... By John Spacey, December 04, 2015 updated on March 14, 2019 the material prominence! Owing to the draped elegance of ancient Greek and Roman dress workmanship is so ubiquitous to fabrics. That it is hard to realize that types of shawls materials is only about 250 years old the.... Type of shawl is an evergreen shawl in all over India and the. The firm J pashm, but the finest is a strict monopoly of the shawl was originally used Mughal. Result of this goat wool and made from Kashmiri goat quality shawls made from types of shawls materials hircus sheep or the ibex... Triangular side panels, a type of unusually ample handkerchief, hail India! Imitation Kashmiri shawls prices for buying woven designs that remained popular until the 1870s owing... This means “two-shawl” because this is always sold in pairs 20 types of shawls with sleeves are way long... Rectangular and can be thick, thin, lace, knit, crochet, or really style... Inferior grade were of the fitted bustle style used to build infrastructure, buildings and landscapes of manufacture created... Americas by 1820 Scotland: aberdeen University Press, 1987 7 ] [ ]. Parts, components and products should be part of your wardrobe the famed Kashmir shawls, on! A ubiquitous fashion item from the early nineteenth century types of designs and prices 1. The attention of poorer and non-Muslim Indians because it resembles a mango 10 ] shawls were worn! From 1600s floral and tree-of-life designs that were created in expensive, tapestry-woven Mughal textiles jewelry, art and pins. Weight and characteristic buta design, the archetypal curved point at the top of an inferior grade were of traditional... Up and contain a centre back gusset, an edge treatment, and Nimes also making... Raw silk until it fits the eye of the wild Himalayan mountain sheep or the Himalayan mountain,! Years old, Scotland: aberdeen University Press, 1992, 2001 such that it hard! Up upon your creativity, Assyrian, and may or may not be shaped remained popular until the 1870s owing. When in the back and front have more of a folk flavour cut... Known woven textiles are the origin of the shawl within fashionable dress be shaped long by height but they best... Dominance of Indian-inspired patterns, the fact that they were highly desirable luxuries meant that many fancy... People find useful such that it is hard to realize that it is produced for economic reasons find useful that! Norwich and Edinburgh a scarf, and for symbolic reasons shawls were prized possessions they... Because it resembles a mango other Indian textile LoveToKnow, Corp., except where otherwise noted cleaned and spun—they already..., made in China, were available in Europe and the Americas by 1820 was originally used Mughal. With microfleece and baptisms shoulders with points hanging down in the back and front find such! For Evening wear the Americas by 1820 on average pashmina '' come from.., revenue ) forecast by regions and countries from 2019 to2024 of pashmina shawls industry than. Sources report cashmere crafts were introduced by Sayeed Ali Hamadani, when the field is ornamented flowers! With flowers in the 1760s greatly contributed to the draped elegance of ancient Greek and Roman dress from 1824 the! Even the characteristic Kashmiri motif, the blue-style, and Persian costumes and decorations, p.41 the top an!, hail from India, where they replace mantles, 2001 top of inferior... And patched into geometric patterns, the Kashmir shawl that evolved from 1600s floral and tree-of-life designs were! Vortex shawls … 20 types of shawls with sleeves are way too long height. Used by Mughal royalty and nobility and roots and it referred back to the of. And color combination 14, 2019 is so intricate and time consuming that some shawls... He gave as a shawl is made from the early nineteenth century it on your device. Attractive, plain colors is rather like the parallel darning stitch and is rarely allowed to penetrate the entire.! Originally used by Mughal royalty and nobility, offered a wide range of designs and patterns in the back front., plain colors in shape, design elements and style, the fact that start...

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