how do animals survive in the desert

Avoiding the Heat. Many desert plants, like cacti in the Americas, are able to absorb and store water, letting them survive long periods of drought. Animals that live in the desert cope with extreme temperatures and lack of water in various ways. Desert Rat. Saguaro Cactus with holes and red fruit blooms. How? There are many kinds of deserts such as snow deserts, and dry deserts. Many desert plants, like cacti in the Americas, are able to absorb and store water, letting them survive long periods of drought. How Do Animals Survive in the Desert? Most animals avoid being out in the sun during the hottest part of the day. Giraffe. Some animals also migrate during the hottest parts of the year. Some animals have adapted to survive without water, so the water they take in from their food, including insects, bulbs and seeds, are more than enough to keep them going. These animals burrow into the ground, lying dormant until the temperature drops slightly, or water becomes available. When you’re tucked away in an underground burrow, the smartest thing to do is take a nap. Please support The Rainforest Site by adding us to your ad blocker’s whitelist – ads help us to help preserve vital habitat. Desert animals prevent water leaving their bodies in a number of different ways. These are stone, debris, or sand deserts that have impressive dunes. One common adaptation is the method of storing water in the roots, leaves and stems. For many desert animals, seeking shade is paramount to survival. Some desert habitats are short-lived—springing up to brighten the landscape only when the rains come. Lack of water creates a survival problem for all desert organisms, animals and plants alike. They also burrow underground or into cacti to avoid daytime heat. The methods that plants have developed in order to survive on the desert are known as adaptations. Animals have adapted to get water from the … Some animals have adapted to survive without water, so the water they take in from their food, including insects, bulbs and seeds, are more than enough to keep them going. The Sahara Desert hosts an incredible array of species that are well-adapted to survive in the desert climate. Some creatures get the moisture they need from their food, so they don’t need to drink much water, if any. Gerbil, also known as a desert rat is made up of over 110 rat species which live in Asia, India, and Africa, plus this includes jirds and sand rats. The coati, raccoon and fox are examples of animals that can be found in either a desert or a jungle. In areas with a greater supply of water, the level of biodiversity increases as vegetation such as shrubs, cacti and hardy trees form the foundation of a more extensive food web. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Policy. These species have developed a variety of strategies to survive changes in water availability: escaping, resisting, tolerating, and evading drought. When all else fails, some desert animals simply hibernate during particularly hot and dry periods. Plant and animal adaptations in the desert. How Do Animals Survive In The Desert. Camels have short, thick fur that protects them from the sun during the day, and it protects them from the freezing temperatures at night. Saguaro fruit is an excellent source of food and moisture for many desert animals. Even so, like so many inhospitable places on earth, there are many animals that live in the desert and seem quite content. Desert animals obtain water from water-retaining plants such as cactus and succulents. Camels can go for weeks without water, and their nostrils and eyelashes can form a barrier against sand. The armadillo diet consists mostly of bugs, small... 2. These types of deserts are characterized by high temperature differences between day and night. But many plants, trees and animals can survive in desert easily. Desert animals prevent water leaving their bodies in a number of different ways. But animals have an additional problem -- they are more susceptible to extremes of temperature than are plants. The desert is a huge, wide open space, meaning there isn’t much respite from the baking sun. Another evolved attribute is to excrete waste in the form of uric acid, where very little water is lost. In order to avoid heat, many desert animals restrict their activity to the cooler mornings and evenings. Owned and operated by CharityUSA.com, LLC. Earth’s driest deserts get around half an inch of precipitation per year, in the form of condensed fog. Most animals either come out during the early morning or … Animals That Live in the Desert 1. →. The desert is a huge, wide open space, meaning there isn’t much respite from the baking sun. All rights reserved. How do desert animals prevent water from leaving their bodies? There are various bodily adaptations for the desert; for example, tortoises have a thick shell that prevents water loss and acts as a shield from predators. Thank you. Animals that live in colder climates, such as whales and bears, store fat all over their bodies. Water is so scarce that most desert animals obtain water not by drinking it, but from food sources. In order to retain water, desert animals burrow into moist earth to absorb water into their bodies, or they obtain moisture through the food they eat. This behavior of animals allows them to escape the heat of the day by hiding in burrows,... 2) Thick Fur. See how we’re making a difference for People, Pets, and the Planet and how you can get involved! Adaptations help desert animals to acquire and retain water, and to regulate body temperatures, which helps them to survive in the harsh conditions of the desert. These ants are covered in metallic hairs that not only lend the ants their distinctive metallic color, but also reflect the sunlight, preventing it from reaching the ants’ bodies. A2A - How do animals live in the desert? A camel's anatomy has several features that allow it to survive extreme desert weather. Earth’s deserts are far from lifeless wastelands. Despite the extremely high temperatures and excess sunlight in the Sahara Desert, hundreds of animal species survive -- and even thrive -- there. This acts as a layer of insulation to protect them against the low temperatures. How Do Animals Survive In The Desert 1) Nocturnal Desert Animals. | Earth Unplugged Description: In the Mojave Desert, Chris finds an animal that has perfected the art of finding water in this arid environment. Some animals cool off under the shade of a large cactus or rock. How have animals adapted to the desert? They could then brainstorm ideas of how they think animals survive in desert conditions in the hot temperatures and sand. Coyotes. Plant and animal bodies are made up of a number of complex biological processes which take place within a narrow range of temperatures. The Cape Ground Squirrel, native to Africa, uses its bushy tail as a parasol, bringing shade wherever it goes. Pupils could first discuss what a habitat is. Animals that live in the desert have adapted these means over years of evolution to survive in desert conditions.

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