air force air logistics centers
“A Brief History of WR-ALC and Robins AFB.” September 1. The Ogden Air Logistics Complex provides logistics, support, maintenance and distribution for the nation's premier fighter aircraft: the F-35 Lightning II, F-22 Raptor, F-16 Fighting Falcon and A-10 Thunderbolt. The facilities and laboratories related to software sustainment are adequate to meet current demands. Fourth, software connects other systems in net-centric or system-of-system constructs, increasing the management complexity of software development and modification. Although the committee saw displays on aircraft status in the work area and delivery times as a center overview, it could not find evidence that these metrics were being pushed to production teams as a whole. The metrics that would determine the success of an ALC, such as cost, schedule, and performance, are not widely used and consistently applied across the three ALCs. See more of Philippine Air Force Logistics Training Center on Facebook. Examination of the U.S. Air Force's Aircraft Sustainment Needs in the Future and Its Strategy to Meet Those Needs addresses the following topics: You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. The following sections address the resourcing (i.e., funding, workforce, skill sets, and technologies), equipping, and organizing of the three ALCs to sustain legacy weapon systems and equipment. SOURCE: Major General Robert H. McMahon, Commander, WR-ALC. McClellan is the technology center for very high-speed integrated circuits, fiber optics and advanced composites. Access to software development data is vital to proper software sustainment. Personal communication to the committee, May 11, 2011. fLockheed Struggles to Keep F-35 Flight-Testing on Track: Report.” January 10, 2010. Under the organizational structure, the ALC commander runs the facility as a coordinating and communicating officer rather than an executive with authority to direct all of the key elements of the sustainment process. In the end, data are key to the ALC business of sustaining systems. With that as a common approach across the ALCs and with the growth of data previously described, the committee believes that sustainment of weapons system software has the potential to be the largest single growth item in, TABLE 4-3 Software Lines of Code (SLOC) in Selected Legacy and Future Air Force Systems. As noted in a briefing at OO-ALC, “Even if the number of platforms decreases, software workload will continue to increase.”45, Approximately 2,700 people, or 12 percent of the depot maintenance workforce, provide software support to weapons systems at the ALCs. “309th Software Maintenance Group.” Presentation to the committee, February 1, 2011. 1983. Without clearly defined responsibilities and prudent metrics to determine results, system breakdowns are commonplace. When parts support across all ALCs is considered, the poor performance is systemic, and sustainment activities are not resourced for effective and efficient operations. These issues directly pertain to the support forces that allow the depot maintenance production effort to proceed efficiently and effectively and have been referred to as “color of money” issues. Finding 4-3. Finding 4-6. Air Materiel Command (AMC) was a United States Army Air Forces and United States Air Force command. TABLE 4-1 Air Force Air Logistics Centers and Their Attributes, this transfer was based on the belief that consolidation would provide economies of scale and place major parts purchases under the management of the DLA—a single DOD supplies purchaser. These plans significantly differ from ALC to ALC. Data rights are vital and an issue on virtually all new software workloads; these issues must be considered during acquisition planning to ensure future access for the ALCs.54 The shift from development to sustainment is currently defined at Milestone C, but it is more a shift from development to sustained block updates—an approach that is not optimum for the new generation of aircraft. Looking for abbreviations of AFALC? With this brief history in mind, it would be a mistake to view the ALCs in a monolithic fashion. The Air Force should review its corporate oversight, management, and support of embedded systems software development and sustainment with foci on (1) greater risk identification and mitigation and (2) enabling Air Force corporate, as opposed to command-specific, decision making. Between 2003 and the present, three US Air Force Air Logistics Centers (ALCs) initiated lean enterprise transformation efforts. Combine that with the growth in dependency discussed earlier in this chapter, and it is easy to conclude that software will be a major and growing cost driver for sustainment of future systems, which must be recognized in planning. Unlike the Army, the Navy has significant commonality with Air Force systems and resourcing. At another ALC, the DLA was “kitting away,” but it wasn’t clear who was building the kits. For example, advanced automobiles use upwards of 30 million lines of code, and there exist projections of a 100 million lines-of-code car.41,42 Indeed, software is the major scheduler and cost driver for the development and maintenance of most systems. Typically, software development and sustainment have nearly identical processes.40. Each ALC visit consisted of a combination of briefings, facility tours, and in-depth discussions with the participants. The 635th Supply Chain Operations Wing is co-located at Scott Air Force Base and supports movement and combat operations. First activated in the reserve as the 448th Bombardment Wing in 1949 when Continental Air Command converted its reserve flying organizations under the wing base organization system. Dramatic improvements are needed. Although visual aids are commendable, there was no consistent measure of effectiveness or efficiency across the ALCs or even within an ALC. FIGURE 4-10 The committee repeatedly asked the questions: “Who decides what gets executed at ALCs?” and “Who determines what resources the commander has to execute the mission?” The answers were usually nebulous and lacked specificity but were mostly along the lines of “It depends.” There is clearly a major disconnect between the policy’s intent and its execution. The briefings were both detailed and comprehensive, the tours were open and thorough, and the discussions were frank and responsive to the questions posed. Personal communications with committee, January 31, 2011. To build on the earlier discussion of supply chain fragmentation, the following discussions offer a few specific examples of organizations external to the ALCs’ executing decisions that affect the ALCs’ efforts. “309th Software Maintenance Group.” Presentation to the committee, February 1, 2011. Over the course of the study, the committee reached the conclusion that one of the single greatest impediments to a successful sustainment enterprise is the lack of standardized processes and a functioning enterprise-level data system that forces standardized actions and delivers timely, actionable data to all levels of work/management. Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center (OC-ALC), 76th Maintenance Wing (76 MXW). Actually, the committee found this refreshing, even though there are delicate issues requiring higher-level Air Force involvement, albeit not at an excessive level that might stifle local execution. Although this may be acceptable, the Air Force has declared software a core maintenance area under the provisions of 10 U.S.C. However, this no longer appears to be the case.12 Since 1992, when Air Force Logistics Command and Air Force Systems Command were integrated into a single major command, the ALCs have been part of the AFMC. “OO-ALC Overview—Core Competencies and Priorities.” Presentation to the committee, January 31, 2011. but this term often equates solely to people. assigned to the ALC. These metrics represent the first concrete evidence that performance of the supply chain is being measured. For the ALCs to be effective, data must become the key element in their efforts.35Chapter 2 addresses how data suppots engineering. § 2464. However, the target goal for FY2011 is expressed in a table for each weapon system/ subsystem and does not begin to portray the degree of parts non-availability for selected product lines at the depots, in part because depot maintenance activities can express MICAP conditions based on work content, timing, and product lines. The Air Force has made significant investments in software maintenance facilities at the ALCs. Software sustainment. The re-designation as an air logistics complex and consolidation with the AFSC is part of an AFMC effort that reduces the … Recommendation 4-1. A strategic framework. Maintenance alone cannot make something better than the design objectives without integrated support from the program management engineering. Production characteristics. 24 Kathy Cutler, Deputy Commander, Defense Logistics Agency Aviation. Sustainment activities should be focused to maintain a system in the status for which it was designed. 30 In general, Major General Busch stated that the issues affecting performance are not so much about organizational structure as they are about defining and following processes. First, the purchasing function for reparable parts at each of the ALCs was realigned to the DLA in place at the ALC base. While technical skill training is ongoing, the significant growth in shop floor personnel has generated a requirement for training incoming workers on the detailed repair and overhaul procedures unique to specific work stations. During subsequent discussions, it became evident that a final decision on the C-17 supply support has not been made. 50 Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI): A process improvement approach that helps organizations improve their performance. Several committee members have fielded ERPs and agree with the decisions to “freeze” the legacy systems. In addition, it maintains the C-130 Hercules, T-38 Talon and other weapon systems, as well as the Minuteman III ICBM. In addition to the three ALCs, two Air Force major command customers of the ALCs, specifically the Air Combat Command and the Air Mobility Command, provided important input to the committee. It is Air Force Logistics Center. “Tinker Today.” Presentation to the committee, January 11, 2011. and BQM-167A.6,7 Like WR-ALC and OC-ALC, OO-ALC has key areas of specialization, such as the management and repair of Air Force landing gear systems and sustainment management for conventional munitions and the Minuteman Intercontinental Ballistic Missile system. Problem reports and deficiencies corrections are incorporated into releases that support such capability unless they are urgent enough to ground the aircraft for immediate fixes. Effective ERP systems are the cornerstone of an effective sustainment effort. The various seams, the ALCs’ limited ability to influence the supply chain, and the fragmented system alignment all impact outcomes—to the extent that it is surprising that the process works at all. Based on experience, the skepticism in various execution offices is well founded. Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text. eMetric not tracked by the program. The AFGLSC assumed responsibility for the Air Force reparable parts supply chain in March 200814 and is tasked with assuring the availability of reparable parts to both base-level maintenance activities and depot maintenance production activities. The ALCs have reasonable distributions of staff with skill sets to meet current needs. A program such as eLog21 and its ECSS component are very valuable and are a necessary way forward. The DLA colonel serves as a point of contact with whom ALC personnel can work. Importantly, a modern resource management tool, although promised as “coming” is not available, despite being desperately needed. As noted early in this chapter, there is a mismatch between funded workload in the maintenance departments and funded support personnel such as engineers to provide technical guidance for the work. These training programs have allowed the ALCs to fairly rapidly meet significant increased demand for shop floor personnel due to retirements and work scope increases. 10 Captain Mike Kelly, Commander Naval Air Forces, Force Material. Second, software technology is advancing at a breathtaking pace. For future system acquisitions, however, as part of initial program planning, strong consideration must be given to a single government en-. The 591st Supply Chain Management Group conducts strategic planning and integration from Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. They have attained substantial process controls and quality measures at the highest levels of the industry. Their staffs have the technical skill sets required to maintain current inventory aircraft. For systems of this age and in these general conditions, a deck of work could be optimized for both cost and turn time. Equipment, inventory, transportation, and quality assurance are managed by our team of white-collar and blue-collar professionals. This is commonly referred to as the 50/50 rule of 10 U.S.C. Following the 2005 BRAC, the Air Force established the Air Force Global Logistics Support Center (AFGLSC) to manage all reparable parts. Accessed May 13, 2011. gAircraft SLOC—Code for onboard/operational purposes (OFP, fire control, stores management, communications, radar, heads-up display, embedded GPS/ins, digital video recorder, mission planning, etc.). Although technology insertion is covered in depth in Chapters 5 and 6, the committee notes here that it observed a limited amount of technology insertion into weapon system and commodity parts and into supporting maintenance equipment at the ALCs. Until recently, HVM was in prototype stage. Looking for abbreviations of AFLC? 7 USAF. “309th Software Maintenance Group.” Presentation to the committee, February 1, 2011. of funding. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_Force_Global_Logistics_Support_Center Determine if any modifications in technology efforts are required and, if so, identify them and make recommendations regarding the technology efforts that should be pursued because they could make positive impacts on the sustainment of the current and future systems and equipment of the Air Force. “Developing the Right Product Support Concepts for the Future.” Presentation to the committee, October 20, 2010. the ALC depot maintenance portfolio. Finally, the only defined measure of effectiveness and efficiency relates to aircraft availability, but far more organizations than ALCs impact aircraft availability. FIGURE 4-13 The machine allows for a two-member team to get 60 M4s inspection-ready on one typical workday shift. Spare parts are supplied by contractors, and even though this process performs remarkably well, it has been proposed that spare parts be supplied by organic Air Force and DLA sources.17 In discussing this concept with C-17 main-. During tours at one repair facility, the committee witnessed a locally developed “online” report that used legacy systems to draw information and allowed the maintenance personnel to see worldwide demands for the products, to track month-to-date production against a month-to-date requirement, and track current critical product needs. Maintaining currency between test laboratories and actual weapon systems is fundamental for dealing with timing, details of hardware interface behavior, and concurrency. This experience will be followed by a position at a squadron. The ability of the United States Air Force (USAF) to keep its aircraft operating at an acceptable operational tempo, in wartime and in peacetime, has been important to the Air Force since its inception. As such, management attention should focus on acquisition/sustainment planning early in the genesis of weapon. At the highest levels, there is a lack of measures and objectives for productivity and effectiveness. In some cases, the parts shortages reflect poor performance of the supply chain, and in others the Bills of Material and the quantity of items to be repaired were not properly defined to the supplying agencies. That is, customers are surveyed and the results graphically displayed. The committee did not attempt to evaluate the process that selected the specific ERP system or the contractor(s) involved in the development and implementation. 4 USAF. Weapon system software sustainment is well supported at the three ALCs, but the Air Force has no central governance body to sustain software, and the various Headquarters staffs are technically ill equipped to deal with software issues. This approach creates a very high risk for the near term because there are no other systems to take their place. Weapon system management at Ogden Air Logistics Center (OO-ALC). There was enough evidence to suggest that the many pieces of the metric result in no one fully taking accountability and responsibility for the performance. The full-scale deployment of these improvement programs is not envisioned, and programs such as HVM have different meanings for WR-ALC, OC-ALC, and OO-ALC. Policy is always essential; however, the Air Force’s existing policy does not clearly identify the official responsible for ALC sustainment activities and whether that official has the proper resources to execute the mission. SOURCE: Gregory Mann, United States Navy, Fleet Readiness Center Southwest, Industrial Business Operations Department. “309th Software Maintenance Group.” Presentation to the committee, February 1, 2011. He also oversaw comprehensive logistics support and sustainment of the E-8C Joint STARS and the C-17 transport aircraft, Warner Robins Air Logistics Center is one of three Air Force air logistics centers and the largest single-site industrial complex in the state of Georgia. iApproximate on-aircraft software size (post increment 3.1 with sustainment update 3 merge). This consolidation placed ALCs, the Air Force Research Laboratory, and the Product Centers within the same major command. ALC leadership and authority, although not specific items in the TOR, are critical factors. Recommendation 4-8. For industrial activities, the workforce seems to be more balanced to the workload. Funding requirements are generally driven by modernization activities. Gen. Janet Wolfenbarger, commander of Air Force Materiel Command, officiated the ceremony. Two members of the 52nd Logistics Readiness Squadron greet U.S. Air Force Col. David C. Epperson, 52nd Fighter Wing commander, bottom right, before showing him a new ultrasonic weapons cleaner at Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, Nov. 9, 2020. There are disconnects between the engineering resources needed to support production and the resources provided. These events are not exceptional; they occur with sufficient frequency that shop floor employees expect them, take them for granted, and freely shared their frustrations about them with committee members.23 Although the DLA is often cited as the largest offender for parts shortages, the Air Force also has problems providing parts. For example, at WR-ALC, a C-5 management directorate became responsible for C-5 aircraft systems, commodities, and maintenance. There is no set Air Force policy for when software development, upgrade, or modification or when software maintenance begins or ends. That is, how do they know when they have achieved the desired performance level? tity or contractor SIL per program. , Air Force Global Logistics Support Center Shield, "AFMC restructures to cut overhead, make command more efficient", Global support center officially stands up March 28, Permanent Global Logistics Support Centers stands up, Global Logistics Support Center Mission Briefing (March 2008), Global Logistics Support Center Mission Briefing (July 2008), Air Force Global Logistics Support Center, National Museum of the United States Air Force, House Subcommittee on Tactical Air and Land Forces, House Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces, Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Air_Force_Global_Logistics_Support_Center&oldid=930579534, Military units and formations in Illinois, Articles with dead external links from October 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Air Force Installation and Mission Support Center (AFIMSC), This page was last edited on 13 December 2019, at 13:07. Thus, while the workload on repair lines changes, portions of the workforce that support parts for repairs lines are completely disconnected from the function they support. “76 MXW Production Machine.” Presentation to the committee, January 11, 2011. Determine if the Air Logistics Centers have the necessary resources (funding, manpower, skill sets, and technologies) and are equipped and organized to sustain legacy systems and equipment and the Air Force of tomorrow. The committee asked maintenance leadership, “What other production activities has this system been exported to?” The response was noteworthy in that it simply hadn’t been exported, for reasons related to the promise of a future with ECSS, a need to tailor the report somewhat to meet other area’s needs, a reluctance by some to adopt the system in light of the coming of ECSS, and limited funding to alter the system to work in other areas. This PBA is a good first attempt to measure the DLA performance, but additional effort should be devoted to developing metrics with upper and lower thresholds, thresholds and standards as appropriate, and a key single metric that reflects the impact on operational effectiveness and most importantly on efficiency of field and depot maintenance operations of the DLA-managed supply chain. “F-35B Flies with Block 1.0 Software.” November 15, 2010. ALCs have close relationships with local area community colleges and technical schools for training of new industrial employees as well as “upgrade” training where appropriate. Brian Bastow, Nineteenth Air Force logistics requirements branch chief, cuts a ribbon held by Chris Padeni, Nineteenth Air Force maintenance training superintendent (right), and Dean Jeavons, Nineteenth Air Force maintenance requirements section chief (left), during the Nineteenth Air Force Maintenance Training Center activation ceremony Oct. 29 at Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph. For example, programs differ as to the roles and responsibilities of the program manager, sustainment manager, system support manager, systems development manager, product support manager, and a Program Executive Officer.22 The committee was often told of the frustration in executing programs and controlling resources. Yet, the ability to rapidly adjust staffing levels, as would happen in the commercial sector as workload changes, is constrained in the ALCs. and spare support.31,32 At the Aviation Week MRO conference, the Assistant Deputy Undersecretary of Defense for Maintenance succinctly summarized the bottom line for any maintenance effort: “If you don’t have parts, you can’t do maintenance.”33. Additionally, Diminished Manufacturing Sources (DMS) and support equipment changes may necessitate modifications. evaluation reaches beyond the mere allocation of monies to support sustainment operations at the ALCs. However, it is noteworthy that the widespread conviction of government maintenance personnel is that the contractor-operated supply chains provide far better support than government-operated supply chains. Get the most popular abbreviation for Air Logistics Center (Air Force) updated in 2020 Accessed March 1, 2011. , The AFGLSC consists of three subordinate units. Determine if any modifications in policy are required and, if so, identify them and make recommendations for changes in Air Force regulations, policies, and strategies to accomplish the sustainment goals of the Air Force. Finding 4-10. Finally, the committee did not see a metric that related the cost of the production to the planned cost or the planned outcome.
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